You can find on this page the old map of Denmark to print and to download in PDF. The ancient Denmark map presents the past and evolutions of the country Denmark in Northern Europe.

Ancient Denmark map

Historical map of Denmark

The ancient map of Denmark shows evolutions of Denmark. This historical map of Denmark will allow you to travel in the past and in the history of Denmark in Northern Europe. The Denmark ancient map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

The Weichsel glaciation covered all of ancient Denmark, except the western coasts of Jutland. It ended around 13,000 years ago allowing humans to move back into the previously ice-covered territories and establish permanent habitation. During the first post-glacial millennia the landscape gradually changed from tundra to light forest and a varied fauna including now extinct Megafauna appeared. Early pre-historic cultures uncovered in modern Denmark include the Maglemosian Culture (9500-6000 BCE); the Kongemose culture (6000-5200 BCE); the Ertebølle culture (5300-3950 BCE); and the Funnelbeaker culture (4100-2800 BCE) as you can see in Ancient Denmark map. The first inhabitants of this early post-glacial landscape in the so-called Boreal period, were very small and scattered populations living from hunting of reindeer and other land mammals and gathering whatever fruits the climate was able to offer.

Around 8300 BC the temperature rose drastically, now with summer temperatures around 15 degrees, and the landscape of ancient Denmark changed into dense forests of aspen, birch and pine and the reindeer moved north, while aurochs and elk arrived from the south. With a continuing rise in temperature the oak, elm and hazel arrived in Denmark around 7000 BC as its shown in Ancient Denmark map. Now boar, red deer, and roe also began to abound. A burial from Bøgebakken at Vedbæk dates to ca. 6000 BC and contains 22 persons - including four newborns and one toddler. Eight of the 22 had died before reaching 20 years of age - testifying to the hardness of hunter-gatherer life in the cold north. Based on estimates of the amount of game animals scholars estimate the population of Denmark to have been between 3300-8000 persons in the time around 7000 BC. It is believed that the early hunter-gatherers lived nomadically, exploiting different environments at different times of the year, gradually shifting to the use of semi permanent base camps. With the rising temperatures sea levels also rose, so that in the Atlantic period Denmark, which had been a contiguous landmass around 11000 BC, by 4500 BC was a series of islands. Humans then shifted to a seafood based diet, which allowed the population to increase.

During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (from the 4th to the 1st century BC), the climate in Denmark and southern Scandinavia became cooler and wetter, limiting agriculture and setting the stage for local groups to migrate southward into Germania. At around this time people began to extract iron from the ore in peat-bogs. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and in much of northwest Europe, and survives in some of the older place-names. The Roman provinces, whose frontiers stopped short of Denmark, nevertheless maintained trade-routes and relations with Danish or proto-Danish peoples, as attested by finds of Roman coins. The earliest-known runic inscription dates back to ca. 200 — literacy as well probably came from the south as its mentioned in Ancient Denmark map. Depletion of cultivated land in the last century BC seems to have contributed to increasing migrations in northern Europe and increasing conflict between Teutonic tribes and Roman settlements in Gaul. Roman artifacts are especially common in finds from the 1st century. It seems clear that some part of the Danish warrior-aristocracy served in the Roman army.